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Glendale Local Natural Hazards Mitigation Plan - Section 4 - Multi-hazard Goals & Action Items

Section 4 - Multi-hazard Goals & Action Items

This section provides information on the process used to develop goals and action items that pertain to the four natural hazards addressed in the Hazards Mitigation Plan. It also describes the framework that focuses the Plan on developing successful mitigation strategies. The framework is made up of three parts: the Mission, Goals, and Action Items.

Mission
The mission of the city of Glendale's Natural Hazards Mitigation Plan is to promote sound public policy designed to protect citizens, critical facilities, infrastructure, private property, and the environment from natural hazards. This can be achieved by increasing public awareness, documenting the resources for risk reduction and loss-prevention, and identifying activities to guide the City towards building a safer, more sustainable community.

Goals
The Plan goals describe the overall direction that City agencies, organizations, and citizens can take to minimize the impacts of natural hazards. The goals are stepping-stones between the broad direction of the mission statement and the specific recommendations that are outlined in the action items.

Action Items
The action items are activities that City agencies, businesses and residents can be engaged to reduce risk. Each action item includes an estimate of the time line for implementation. Short-term action items are activities that City agencies may implement with existing resources and authorities within one to two years. Long-term action items may require new or additional resources or authorities, and may take between one and five years (or more) to implement.

Mitigation Plan Goals and Public Participation

The Plan goals help to guide direction of future activities aimed at reducing risk and preventing loss from natural hazards. The goals listed here serve as checkpoints as agencies and organizations begin implementing mitigation action items.

Protect Life and Property

  • Implement activities that assist in protecting lives by making homes, businesses, infrastructure, critical facilities, and other property more resistant to natural hazards.
  • Reduce losses and repetitive damages for chronic hazard events while promoting insurance coverage for catastrophic hazards.
  • Improve hazard assessment information from which to make recommendations to discourage new development and encourage preventative measures for existing development in areas vulnerable to natural hazards.
Public Awareness
  • Develop and implement education and outreach programs to increase public awareness of the risks associated with natural hazards.
  • Provide information on tools, partnership opportunities, and funding resources to assist in implementing mitigation activities.
  • Keep the public informed on natural hazards mitigation initiatives and activities through newspapers, local access channels, City website and newsletters.
Natural Systems
  • Balance watershed planning, natural resource management, and land use planning with natural hazard mitigation to protect life, property, and the environment.
  • Preserve, rehabilitate, and enhance natural systems to serve natural hazard mitigation functions.
Partnerships and Implementation
  • Strengthen communication and coordinate participation among and within public agencies, citizens, non-profit organizations, businesses, and industry to gain a vested interest in implementation.
  • Encourage leadership within public and private sector organizations to prioritize and implement local, county, and regional hazard mitigation activities.
Emergency Services
  • Establish policy to ensure mitigation projects for critical and essential facilities, services, and infrastructure.
  • Strengthen emergency operations by increasing collaboration and coordination among public agencies, non-profit organizations, businesses, and industry.
  • Coordinate and integrate natural hazard mitigation activities, where appropriate, with emergency operations plans and procedures.
Public Participation
  • Input from the public and City staff during development of the Mitigation Plan assisted in creating and prioritizing Plan goals, with emphasis on the efficacy of the proposed action items, and the proposed timelines.
  • As the action items in the Plan are implemented, continue to obtain input from different stakeholders as to the success of the various action items, and incorporate this input into future revisions of the Plan.
Hazard Mitigation Plan Action Items

The Hazards Mitigation Plan identifies short and long-term action items developed through data collection and research, and the public participation process. Mitigation Plan activities may be considered for funding through Federal and State grant programs, and when other funds are made available through the City. Action items address multi-hazard (MH) and hazard specific issues. To help ensure activity implementation, each action item includes information on its timeline and coordinating organizations. Upon implementation, the coordinating organizations may look to partner with other organizations for resources and technical assistance. A description of possible partner organizations is provided in Appendix A, the Resource Directory of this Plan.

Multi-hazard action items are presented in this Chapter only. Hazard-specific action items are included in this Chapter and are also repeated in the individual chapter that addresses these issues (Chapter 6 for Earthquakes, Chapter 7 for Floods, Chapter 8 for Wildfires, and Chapter 9 for Landslides). Putting all the action items together under one chapter heading is meant to make this document more user friendly, allowing the coordinating organizations to more effectively manage their assigned action items.

Coordinating Organization

The coordinating organization is the organization that is willing and able to organize resources, find appropriate funding, or oversee activity implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. Coordinating organizations may include local, City, or regional agencies that are capable of or responsible for implementing activities and programs.

Timeline

Action items include both short and long-term activities. Each action item includes an estimate of the timeline for implementation. Short-term action items are activities that City agencies may implement with existing resources and authorities within one to two years. Long-term action items may require new or additional resources or authorities, and may take between one and five years (or more) to implement.

Ideas for Future Implementation

Each multi-hazard action item includes ideas for future implementation that may be considered once the main action items have been addressed. Some of these ideas may become action items in future versions of the Plan.

Plan Goals Addressed

The Plan goals addressed by each action item are included as a way to monitor and evaluate how well the Hazards Mitigation Plan is achieving its goals once implementation begins.

Constraints

Constraints may apply to some of the action items. These constraints may be a lack of City staff, lack of funds, or vested property rights that might expose the City to legal action as a result of adverse impacts on private property.

Project Evaluation Worksheets

Every jurisdiction has limitations on the number of mitigation activities that can be completed within a given period of time, usually because of limited economic resources. This forces jurisdictions and agencies to review and select the most cost-effective mitigation projects first, in essence prioritizing mitigation projects by their return on investment. Given the competition for available funding, multi-hazard action items are generally attractive and more likely to be implemented first. The challenge is to maintain a balance between mitigating projects that can be implemented readily and for a relatively small amount of money, with longer-term projects that cost more but have the potential to really reduce the City's vulnerability to natural hazards.

To assist the committee in the Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) required by FEMA, a Project Evaluation Worksheet is included at the end of this section. This worksheet is based on the "STAPLEE" process, whereby the Social, Technical, Administrative, Political, Legal, Economic, and Environmental benefits of a given proposed action item are weighed against the costs of implementing it (see Table 4-1, below). The data on these worksheets can help the committee determine the most cost-effective mitigation solutions for the community. Some projects may need a more detailed BCA, but this worksheet provides a first-screening methodology.

Multi-Hazard Action Items

Multi-hazard action items are those activities that pertain to two or more of the four natural hazards identified in the Mitigation Plan: earthquake, flood, wildfire and landslide. There are seven short-term and three long-term multi-hazard action items described below.



Short Term Activity- Multi Hazard #l:
Action Item: Integrate the goals and action items from the City of Glendale Local Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan into existing regulatory documents and programs, where appropriate.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Continue to adopt and enforce the most recent Building and Fire Codes, with local amendments that reflect current standards for structural and engineering methods to reduce the effects of natural hazards.
  • Require geotechnical reviews that address liquefaction, slope stability and seismic vulnerability of proposed structures.
  • Continue to review all plans for new construction and re-development projects to identify structural or fire-code deficiencies that need to be addressed and mitigated for as condition of approval of the project.
  • Prohibit any additions to or reconstruction of critical facilities damaged by a natural hazard, unless the facility is re-located to a safer area, or it can be demonstrated that the proposed project and any occupants can be protected from future, recurrent damage by implementing mitigation measures not present in the original, damaged structure.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Use the Mitigation Plan to help institutionalize the guidelines in the City's General Plan to encourage sustainable development in all new construction and development projects with emphasis on mitigation or hazard reduction of those hazards known to have the potential to impact the city of Glendale.
  • Integrate the City's Mitigation Plan into current capital improvement plans to ensure that development does not encroach on known hazardous areas.
  • Partner with other organizations and agencies at the State level with similar goals to promote Building and Safety Codes that are more disaster resistant.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee, Building & Safety, Community Planning, Fire
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel; vested property rights.



Short Term Activity - Multi Hazard #2:
Action Item: Identify and pursue funding opportunities to develop and implement local and citywide mitigation activities.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Develop a program for monitoring and enforcing mitigation measures or conditions of approval applied to projects.

  • Propose a full-time or part-time position to monitor the availability of Federal, State and local funds that can be tapped into to implement specific action items of the Plan, and to write grant requests for funding of specific programs.

  • As action items are identified for potential grant funding, conduct a Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) using the STAPLEE process to assess the cost-effectiveness of the proposed measure.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Develop incentives for local agencies, residents, and businesses to pursue hazard mitigation projects.
Coordinating Organization: Management Services in coordination with the department(s) requesting the funding or sponsoring the mitigation project
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Partnerships and Implementation, Public Awareness
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Short Term Activity - Multi Hazard #3:
Action Item: Establish a formal role for the City of Glendale's Hazards Mitigation Advisory Committee to develop a sustainable process for implementing, monitoring, and evaluating citywide mitigation activities.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Establish clear roles for members of the Advisory Committee, and meet regularly to pursue and evaluate implementation of mitigation strategies.
  • Oversee implementation of the Hazards Mitigation Plan.
  • Establish measurable standards to evaluate mitigation policies and programs and provide a mechanism to update and revise the Hazards Mitigation Plan. Develop a program to measure the successes and failures (if any) of the action items in the Plan, including specific constraints to implementation and adherence to the timelines identified, to be used as input in future versions of the Plan.
  • Develop updates of the Hazards Mitigation Plan based on new information.
  • Conduct a full review of the Hazards Mitigation Plan every 5 years by evaluating mitigation successes, failures, and areas that were not addressed.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Monitor hazard mitigation implementation by jurisdictions and participating organizations through surveys and other reporting methods.
  • Provide training for Committee members to remain current on developing issues in the natural hazard loss reduction field.
Coordinating Organization: Fire, Community Planning
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Short Term Activity - Multi Hazard #4:
Action Item: Identify, improve, and sustain collaborative programs focusing on the real estate and insurance industries, public and private sector organizations, and individuals to avoid activities that increase the risk to natural hazards.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Distribute information about flood, fire, and earthquake hazards insurance to property owners in areas identified to be at risk through hazard mapping.
  • Develop a one-page handout on types of insurance and deliver through City utility or service agencies.
  • Educate individuals and businesses on the benefit of engaging in mitigation activities such as developing impact analyses.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Pinpoint areas of high risk and transfer the cost of risk to property owners through insurance (rather than to the public).
  • Encourage the development of unifying organizations to ensure communication and dissemination of natural hazard mitigation information.
  • Identify activities for private sector and citizen involvement such as non-structural seismic retrofits of day care centers, senior residences, and other special population facilities.
Coordinating Organization: Management Services; Businesses: Glendale Redevelopment Agency; Residents: Community Development and Housing, Fire; Glendale Unified School District
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Public Awareness, Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Short Term Activity - Multi Hazard #5:
Action Item: Foster public and private partnerships to improve hazard mitigation program coordination and collaboration in the city of Glendale.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Identify and engage organizations within Glendale that have programs or interests in natural hazards mitigation.
  • Involve private businesses throughout the City in mitigation planning.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Work with area City governments to integrate local Hazards Mitigation Plans that are consistent with the goals and framework of the City Plan.
  • Improve communication between California Department of Transportation and the City's Public Works Department, and work together to prioritize and identify strategies to deal with road problems.
Coordinating Organization: Management Services, Fire, Glendale Redevelopment Agency, Public Works, Water and Power, Community Planning
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Short Term Activity - Multi Hazard #6:
Action Item: Continue to develop inventories of at-risk buildings and infrastructure and prioritize mitigation projects.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Improve redundancy of electrical utilities in North Glendale. Harden infrastructure to protect power distribution in the Montrose/La Crescenta area.
  • Improve security of critical facilities from both natural and man-made (terrorism) hazards.
  • Integrate the public education functions from various City Departments to coordinate messages regarding hazard awareness, personal preparedness, and community emergency response training.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Identify critical facilities at risk from natural hazards (such as soft-story structures, structures underlain by active faults).
  • Identify bridges at risk from flood or earthquake hazards, identify enhancements, and implement projects needed to reduce the risks.
  • Develop strategies to mitigate risk to these facilities, or to utilize alternative facilities should natural hazards events cause damages to the facilities in question.
Coordinating Organization: Community Planning, Public Works, Water & Power, Fire
Time line: 1 Year
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Short Term Activity - Multi Hazard #7:
Action Item: Strengthen emergency services preparedness and response by linking emergency services with hazard mitigation programs, and enhancing public education on a regional scale.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Encourage individual and family preparedness through public education projects such as safety fairs, brochures and bill inserts that are distributed to residents and local businesses via mass mailings.
  • Identify opportunities for partnering with citizens, private contractors, and other jurisdictions to increase availability of equipment and manpower and increase the efficiency and efficacy of response efforts.
  • Work with Community Planning Organizations and other neighborhood groups to establish community response teams.
  • Familiarize public officials with requirements regarding public assistance for disaster response.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Educate private property owners on limitations of bridges and dangers associated with them.
  • Coordinate the maintenance of emergency transportation routes through communication among the City's Department of Public Works, neighboring jurisdictions, and the California Department of Transportation.
Coordinating Organization: Fire, Police, Public Works
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Emergency Services, Protect Life and Property, Public Awareness
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Long Term Activity - Multi Hazard #1:
Action Item: Develop, enhance, and implement education programs aimed at mitigating natural hazards, and reducing the risk to citizens, public agencies, private property owners, businesses, and schools.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Make the City of Glendale Hazards Mitigation Plan available to the public by publishing the Plan electronically on the City's and Fire Department's websites.
  • Enhance the City's web page to facilitate Internet discussions and information sharing.
  • Develop adult and child educational programs to be used by local radio and cable access stations.
  • Use local radio and cable access stations as a conduit for advertising public forums.
  • Develop an educational curriculum for school programs and adult education on reducing risk and preventing loss from natural hazards.
  • Conduct natural hazards awareness programs in schools and community centers.
  • Enhance outreach materials for mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
  • Conduct workshops for public and private sector organizations to raise awareness of mitigation activities and programs.
Ideas for Future Implementation:
  • Continue to promote outreach programs aimed at businesses, residents and organizations that are most likely to be impacted by flooding events.
  • Provide electronic map capabilities by creating a website that includes information specific to city of Glendale residents, including site-specific hazards information, Building & Safety Codes information, insurance companies that provide earthquake insurance for Glendale residents, and educational information on damage prevention.
  • Conduct a baseline survey to gather perceptions of private citizens and the business community regarding natural hazard risks and identify mitigation needs. Repeat the survey in five years to monitor successes and failures of hazard mitigation programs.
Coordinating Organization: Management Services, Fire, Community Planning, Library Services Dept., Glendale's Unified School District
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Public Awareness, Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Long Term Activity - Multi Hazard #2:
Use technical knowledge of natural ecosystems and events to link natural resource management and land use organizations to mitigation activities and technical assistance.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Review ordinances that protect natural systems and resources to mitigate for natural hazards for possible enhancements.
  • Pursue vegetation and restoration practices that assist in enhancing and restoring the natural and beneficial functions of the watershed.
  • Develop education and outreach programs that focus on protecting natural systems as a mitigation activity.
Coordinating Organization: Community Planning, Parks Recreation and Community Services, Public Works, Fire
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Natural Systems
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel



Long Term Activity - Multi Hazard #3:
Expand the City of Glendale's Local Hazard Mitigation Plan to include man-made hazards (e.g., hazardous materials releases, terrorism, etc.).

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Use the City's updated Safety Element of the General Plan and available public information from State and Federal databases for assistance to expand the Mitigation Plan.
  • Utilize available State and Federal programs to educate City representatives on mitigation initiatives to combat terrorism and hazards due to terrorist acts.
Coordinating Organization: Public Works, Fire, Police, and Community Planning
Time line: 1-5 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Partnerships and Implementation, Protect Life and Property, Emergency Services
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Earthquake Mitigation Action Items
The Earthquake mitigation action items provide guidance on suggesting specific activities that agencies, organizations, and residents in the city of Glendale can undertake to reduce risk and prevent loss from earthquake events. Each action item is followed by ideas for implementation, which can be used by the steering committee and local decision makers in pursuing strategies for implementation.

Action Item: Integrate new earthquake hazard mapping data for the city of Glendale and improve technical analysis of earthquake hazards.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Update the city of Glendale earthquake HAZUS scenarios using City-specific data, such as building inventories, geologic materials and depth to ground water, to improve accuracy of the vulnerability assessment for Glendale.
  • Conduct risk analysis incorporating HAZUS data and hazard maps using GIS technology to identify risk sites and further assist in prioritizing mitigation activities and assessing the adequacy of current land use requirements.
Coordinating Organization:
Time line: 2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Partnerships and Implementation, Protect Life and Property, Emergency Services
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Short Term - Earthquake # 2:
Action Item: Incorporate the Regional Earthquake Transportation Evacuation Routes developed by the Regional Emergency Managers Group into appropriate planning documents.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Update the transportation routes map in the City of Glendale Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan with the evacuation routes data.
  • Integrate the evacuation routes data into the City of Glendale Emergency Operations Plan.
Coordinating Organization: Emergency Services, Police
Time line: 2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Emergency Services
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Earthquake # l:
Action Item: Identify funding sources for structural and nonstructural retrofitting of structures that are identified as seismically vulnerable.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Provide information for property owners, small businesses, and organizations on sources of funds (loans, grants, etc.).
  • Explore options for including seismic retrofitting in existing programs such as low-income housing, insurance reimbursements, and pre and post disaster repairs.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Partnerships and Implementation, Public awareness
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel
Long Term - Earthquake #2:
Action Item: Encourage purchase of earthquake hazard insurance.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Provide earthquake insurance information to Glendale residents.
  • Coordinate with insurance companies to produce and distribute earthquake insurance information.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Public Awareness
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel
Long Term - Earthquake # 3:
Action Item: Encourage seismic strength evaluations of critical facilities in Glendale to identify vulnerabilities for mitigation of schools and universities, public infrastructure, and critical facilities to meet current seismic standards.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Develop an inventory of schools, universities, and critical facilities that do not meet current seismic standards.
  • Encourage owners of non-retrofitted structures to upgrade them to meet seismic standards.
  • Encourage water providers to replace old cast iron pipes with more ductile iron, and identify partnership opportunities with other agencies for pipe replacement.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee, Building and Safety, Public Works, Water and Power
Time line: 5 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Emergency Services
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel
Long Term - Earthquake # 4:
Action Item: Encourage reduction of nonstructural and structural earthquake hazards in homes, schools, businesses, and government offices.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Provide information to government building and school facility managers and teachers on securing bookcases, filing cabinets, light fixtures, and other objects that can cause injuries and block exits.
  • Encourage facility managers, business owners, and teachers to refer to FEMA's practical guidebook: "Reducing the Risks Nonstructural Earthquake Damage."
  • Encourage homeowners and renters to use "Is Your Home Protected from Earthquake Disaster? A Homeowner's Guide to Earthquake Retrofit" (IBHS) for economic and efficient mitigation techniques.
  • Explore partnerships to provide retrofitting classes for homeowners, renters, building professionals, and contractors.
  • Target development located in potential fault zones or in unstable soils for intensive education and retrofitting resources.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Public awareness
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Wildfire Mitigation Action Items
As stated in the Federal Wildland Fire Policy, "The problem is not one of finding new solutions to an old problem but of implementing known solutions. Deferred decision making is as much a problem as the fires themselves. If history is to serve us in the resolution of the wildland/urban interface problem, we must take action on these issues now. To do anything less is to guarantee another review process in the aftermath of future catastrophic fires."

The wildfire mitigation action items below provide direction on specific activities that organizations and residents of southern California, including Glendale, can undertake to reduce risk and prevent loss from wildfire events. Each action item is followed by ideas for implementation, which can be used by the steering committee and local decision makers in pursuing strategies for implementation.

Short Term - Wildfire #1:
Action Item: Enhance outreach and education programs aimed at mitigating wildfire hazards and reducing or preventing the exposure of citizens, public agencies, private property owners and businesses to natural hazards.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Continue the hiring of fire prevention and education personnel to oversee education programs.
  • Continue to train in all areas of fire prevention.
  • Visit urban interface neighborhoods and rural areas and conduct education and outreach activities.
  • Conduct specific community-based demonstration projects of fire prevention and mitigation in the urban interface.
  • Establish neighborhood "drive-through" activities that pinpoint site-specific mitigation activities. Fire crews can give property owners suggestions and assistance.
  • Perform public outreach and information activities at fire stations by creating "Wildfire Awareness Week" activities. Fire stations can hold open houses and allow the public to visit, see the equipment and discuss wildfire mitigation with the station crews.
Coordinating Organization: Fire Dept.
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Public awareness
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel
Short Term - Wildfire #2:
Action Item: Enhance emergency services to increase the efficiency of wildfire response and recovery activities.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Continue to develop and increase training and outreach programs.
  • Evaluate internal and external notification systems that include all at-risk urban/wildland interface residents in the jurisdiction in order to contact them during evacuations.
Coordinating Organization: Fire Dept.
Time line: 2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Emergency Services
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel
Short Term - Wildfire #3:
Action Item: Educate agency personnel on federal cost-share and grant programs, Fire Protection Agreements and other related federal programs so the full array of assistance available to local agencies is understood.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Investigate potential funding opportunities for individual mitigation projects; and
  • Develop, approve and promote Fire Protection Agreements and partnerships to clarify roles and responsibilities and to provide for fire mitigation activities and suppression preparedness.
Coordinating Organization: Fire Dept.
Time line: 1-2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Public Awareness
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel
Short Term - Wildfire #4:
Action Item: Inventory alternative firefighting water sources and encourage the development of additional sources.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Advocate for water storage facilities with fire-resistant electrical pump or gravity fed systems in facilities that are not connected to a community water or hydrant system.
  • Review protocol for fire department and water district to communicate all hydrant outages and water shortage information.
Coordinating Organization: Fire, Water & Power
Time line: 1 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Wildfire #l:
Action Item: Encourage development and dissemination of maps relating to the fire hazard to help educate and assist builders and homeowners in being engaged in wildfire mitigation activities and to help guide emergency services during response.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Update wildland/urban interface maps.
  • Conduct risk analysis incorporating data and the created hazard maps using GIS technology to identify risk sites and further assist in prioritizing mitigation activities.
  • Encourage coordination between fire jurisdictions and sanitary districts to make sure that the most accurate elevation maps are being used.
Coordinating Organization: Fire Dept.
Time line: 1-3 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Wildfire #2:
Action Item: Increase communication, coordination and collaboration between wildland/urban interface property owners, local and county planners and fire prevention crews and officials to address risks, existing mitigation measures and federal assistance programs.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Encourage all residents to have fire plans and evacuation routes.
  • Encourage fire inspections in residential homes by fire departments to increase awareness among homeowners and potential fire responders.
  • Encourage a standard for the State Fire Marshal to evaluate fire plans and emergency plans.
  • Encourage fire department notification of new businesses to ensure that appropriate fire plans have been developed.
  • Encourage local zoning and planning entities to work closely with landowners and/or developers who choose to build in the wildland/urban interface to identify and mitigate conditions that aggravate wildland/urban interface wildfire hazards, including:
    • Limited access for emergency equipment due to width and grade of roadways;
    • Inadequate water supplies and the insufficient or inappropriate spacing, consistency and species of vegetation around
    • structures;
    • Inadequate fuel breaks, or lack of defensible space;
    • Highly flammable construction materials;
    • Building lots and subdivisions that are not in compliance with state and local land use and fire protection regulations;
    • Inadequate entry/escape routes.
  • Encourage all new homes and major remodels involving roofs or additions that are located in the interface to have fire resistant roofs and residential sprinkler systems.
  • Encourage the public to evaluate access routes to rural homes for fire-fighting vehicles and to develop passable routes if they do not exist.
Coordinating Organization: Fire Department, Building & Safety, Community Planning, Information Services
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Public Awareness, Emergency Services, Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Wildfire #3:
Action Items: Encourage implementation of wildfire mitigation activities in a manner consistent with the goals of promoting sustainable ecological management and community stability.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Employ mechanical or other appropriate thinning techniques to abate the risk of catastrophic fire and restore the more natural regime of high frequency, low-intensity burns. Prescribed burning can provide benefit to ecosystems by thinning hazardous vegetation and restoring ecological diversity to areas homogenized by invasive plants.
  • Clear trimmings, trees, brush and other debris completely from sites when performing routine maintenance and
  • landscaping to reduce fire risk.
  • Enhance programs to coordinate and monitor adjacent areas that utilize prescribed burning techniques.
Coordinating Organization: Fire Dept.
Time line: Ongoing
Plan Goals Addressed: Natural Systems
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Flood Mitigation Action Items
The flood mitigation action items provide direction on specific activities that organizations and residents in the city of Glendale can undertake to reduce risk and prevent loss from flood events. Each action item is followed by ideas for implementation, which can be used by the steering committee and local decision makers in pursuing strategies for implementation.

Short Term - Flood #l:
Action Item: Analyze each property experiencing repetitive flood damage within the City of Glendale and identify feasible mitigation options.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Identify appropriate and feasible mitigation activities for identified repetitive flood properties. Funding may be available through FEMA' s Hazard Mitigation Grant and Flood Mitigation Assistance Programs and the Pre-disaster Mitigation Program.
  • Contact repetitive loss property owners to discuss mitigation opportunities, and determine interest should future project opportunities arise.
  • Explore options for incentives to encourage property owners to engage in mitigation.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee
Time line: 1-2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Short Term - Flood #2:
Action Item: Recommend revisions to requirements for development within the floodplain, where appropriate.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Evaluate elevation requirements for new residential and nonresidential structures in floodplain areas.
  • Explore raising the base elevation requirement for new residential construction to two or three feet above base flood elevation, or greater. An increased elevation standard is one activity the county can engage in to receive credit from the NFIP Community Rating System Program.
  • Identify opportunities to upgrade Federal Insurance Rate Map, and arrange for Cooperative Technical Partnership mapping upgrades for select areas.
  • Identify alternatives to reduce development in the floodplain.
Coordinating Organization: Public Works, County Department of Public Works, County Department of Regional Planning, Information Services
Time line: 2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Short Term - Flood #3:
Action Item: Develop better flood warning systems.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Coordinate with appropriate organizations to evaluate the need for more stream gauges.
  • Distribute information regarding flooding to the general public efficiently.
Coordinating Organization: County Emergency Management, County Public Works, County Department of Transportation
Time line: 2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Emergency Services
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Flood #l:
Action Item: Enhance data and mapping for floodplain information within the county, and identify and map flood-prone areas outside of designated floodplains.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Apply for FEMA's cooperative technical partnership using the 2-foot contour interval floodplain mapping data acquired by the City of Glendale GIS.
  • Use WES inventory and mapping data to update the flood-loss estimates for the city of Glendale.
  • Encourage the development of floodplain maps for all local streams not currently mapped on Flood Insurance Rate Maps or county maps, with special attention focused on mapping rural and unincorporated areas. The maps should show the expected frequency of flooding, the level of flooding, and the areas subject to inundation. The maps can be used for planning, risk analysis, and emergency management.
Coordinating Organization: County Geographic Information Services, County Department of Transportation, County Public Works
Time line: 3 years (as fund allows)
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Flood #2:
Action Item: Encourage development of acquisition and management strategies to preserve open space for flood mitigation, fish habitat, and water quality in the floodplain.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Develop a comprehensive strategy for acquiring and managing floodplain open space in the City of Glendale.
  • Explore funding for property acquisition from federal (e.g." FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant Program), state, regional, and local governments, as well as private and non-profit organizations, trails programs, fish programs as well as options for special appropriations.
  • Develop a regional partnership between flood mitigation, fish habitat, and water quality enhancement organizations/programs to improve educational programs.
  • Identify sites where environmental restoration work can benefit flood mitigation, fish habitat, and water quality.
  • Work with landowners to develop flood management practices that provide healthy fish habitat.
  • Identify existing watershed education programs and determine which programs would support a flood education component.
Coordinating Organization: County Department of Transportation, County Public Works
Time line: 5 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Natural Systems, Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel


Long Term - Flood #3:
Action Item: Identify surface water drainage obstructions in the city of Glendale.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Map culverts in the city.
  • Prepare an inventory of culverts that historically create flooding problems and target them for retrofitting.
  • Prepare an inventory of major urban drainage problems, and identify causes and potential mitigation actions for urban drainage problem areas.
Coordinating Organization: County Public Works, County Geographic Information Systems
Time line: 5 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Flood #4:
Action Item: Establish a framework to compile and coordinate surface water management plans and data throughout the City.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Develop surface water management plans for areas that are not currently within surface water management plan boundaries.
Coordinating Organization: County Public Works, County Planning Division, Geographic Information Systems
Time line: 5 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property, Partnerships and Implementation
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Landslide Mitigation Action Items
The landslide mitigation action items below provide direction on specific activities that the City, organizations, and residents of Glendale can undertake to reduce risk and prevent loss from landslide events. Each action item is followed by ideas for implementation, which can be used by the steering committee and local decision makers in pursuing strategies for implementation.

Short Term - Landslide #l:
Action Item: Improve knowledge of landslide hazard areas and understanding of vulnerability and risk to life and property in hazard-prone areas.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Update the landslide map for the city of Glendale to show areas where rockfalls, debris flows and surficial mass wasting events are reported, especially during wet winters.
  • Develop public information to emphasize economic risk when building on potential or historical landslide areas.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee
Time line: 2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Short Term - Landslide #2:
Action Item: Encourage construction and subdivision design that can be applied to steep slopes to reduce the potential adverse impacts from development.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Increase communication and coordination between the City's Departments.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee
Time line: 1-2 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Increase awareness of mitigation issues through the coordination of all City resources and departments.
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Short Term - Landslide #3:
Action Item: Identify safe evacuation routes in high-risk debris flow and landslide areas.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Identify potential debris removal resources.
  • Increase participation in regional committee planning for emergency transportation routes.
  • Identify and publicize information regarding emergency transportation routes.
Coordinating Organization: Public Works, Engineering
Time line: 1-3 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protection of Life and more efficient response of emergency personnel
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Landslide #l:
Action Item: Review local ordinances regarding building and development in landslide prone areas.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Create committee of local stakeholders to study issue and make recommendations to staff.
Coordinating Organization: Building & Safety
Time line: 3-5 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel

Long Term - Landslide #2:
Action Item: Limit activities in identified potential and historical landslide areas through regulation and public outreach.

Ideas for Implementation:

  • Analyze existing regulations regarding development in landslide prone areas.
  • Identify existing mechanisms for public outreach / develop new methods of outreach.
Coordinating Organization: Hazard Mitigation Advisory Committee, Public Affairs Department
Time line: 3-5 years
Plan Goals Addressed: Protect Life and Property
Constraints: Pending funding and available personnel


PROJECT EVALUATION WORKSHEET



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